In the midst of迅速崛起的情况下,数and hospitalizations during the COVID-19 pandemic, a small but incredibly loud segment of U.S. society has adamantly拒绝戴口罩。Many of them are men, who seem to view masks as emasculating face condoms that must be rejected. For example, a look at Donald Trump’s debacle of a rally in Tulsa, Oklahoma, on June 20, shows that men in his base, like Trump himself,避免戴口罩。Women like Ivanka Trump, by contrast, can choose a mask or not because they have no masculinity to protect.

In reality, whether it’s a mask or a condom, resistance to these barrier methods of protection—both of which keep the wearer from transmitting a virus to someone else—clearly presents a danger to public health. A man without a mask is willfully endangering people around him by refusing to block his spit and the viruses it could contain. Why would he take these risks to himself and to others?

When HIV emerged in the United States, a key part of the public health response was to urge consistent condom use. Although the advice made obvious sense, in some pockets of the population, people resisted it. Researchers began to dig into the social factors that motivated this resistance. They found that among men who were having sex with women,“男性意识形态”与拒绝使用安全套的相关

At the time the research was being conducted, three factors were cited as the pillars of this ideology: status, toughness and anti-femininity. Today, the concept has been expanded a bit to encompass other features. The American Psychological Association has defined this ideology as a “标准的特定星座” that demands that men ascribe to “adventure, risk, and violence.” Certainly, choosing not to wear the simplest of protective gear during a pandemic is both a risk and an adventure.

Perhaps not surprisingly, where this conceptualization of manliness prevails, the dominant avatars who embody it are white men with epic swagger. As one researcher described it, this “赛璐珞阳刚之气” muscling around on screens, perhaps most famously in the form of characters played by Arnold Schwarzenegger, represents a “dominant Western exemplar of manhood.” These characters, you see, despite the copious body armor and weaponry they tote around in their films, would never, ever don simple barrier protection devices because viruses can sense fear.

在今天的拒绝戴口罩,我们看到嵌在白色男性化意识形态这种安全套的排斥反应相呼应。在行政阳刚之气演员的带领下,这些人正在越来越多地是什么样子的最后一站为赛璐珞阳刚之气。作为另一个臭名昭著的“最后一站”他们的风险结束了死了,他们创造坚持在战场上,与他们采取与他们一起伤亡。

很多人都在这个莫名其妙的行为,处东西,所以基本的,有这么低的障碍访问的疾病传播预防犹豫不决。为什么这些人执行威胁的字面面对这个免费的面具“赛璐珞阳刚之气”?其原因是,避开掩模发送一个强烈的社会信号,其中,所述裸面的性能。但是,谁是观众?

理解这种行为,需要理解的是,这些人在他们的阳刚之气的思想已经取得的投资水平。特朗普,尽管现实是这种意识形态的大祭司。当他拒绝了面具,他成为了性能模仿。这些人都留下了深刻的承诺,并可能从事一些故意自欺欺人忠于特朗普。穿上口罩就意味着浪费他们的投资和所有的自我妥协的感知水果。

于是,他们去无掩模。在此过程中,他们希望他们的阳刚之气的意识形态集团将接受他们,尊重他们,而不是拒绝它们。

具有讽刺意味的是,这些人认为,他们体现了粗犷,个性美的理想,当他们拒绝部分真正追溯至害怕别人会认为他们。喝醉的自身利益和意识形态的阳刚有毒冲泡,他们误以为他们拒绝保护自己和他人的性格的标志时,相反,它是一个标志他们的角色。

有些人想减轻这些行为的危害谁也清楚地认识到转向赛璐珞阳刚之气的那些化身的价值。6月18日,加州州长纽森亚博电子竞技2019亚搏竞彩官方合作伙伴发布了全州的秩序要求人们戴口罩的公共场所。如果他会,比如要求所有加州采取的宝宝眼镜蛇他提请热反应将是合适的。甚至还有在Twitter上短暂趋势“召回纽森”井号标签。亚博电子竞技2019

可能预计到这种比扎罗世界的反弹,纽森联手与他的前辈幸存 - 杰里·布朗,戴维斯,皮特·威尔逊和阿诺亚博电子竞技2019德·施瓦辛格,使公共服务公告呼吁人们要戴口罩。每个州长有几行提供。施瓦辛格的台词,说出了他的赛璐珞英雄约翰·矩阵的所有hypermasculine庄严:“这不是软弱......。去做就对了。”